The most well-known silk saree of Bengal is the Baluchari, a product with exquisite design and weaving, registered with the Geographical Indications (GI) registry. Produced in the town of Baluchar (from where it gets its name) in the district of Murshidabad of West Bengal, Baluchari sarees look rich, sophisticated and have wonderful colour harmony with intricate designs that mostly depict stories from India’s ancient texts and epics.
The history of Baluchari dates back almost 200 years. In the 18th century, when Nawab Murshidkuli Khan, the semi-autonomous ruler of Bengal took keen interest in this saree, the craft started to flourish. Soon, it became quite favourite of the Mughals. The craft went into decline during the British period but was later revived in Bishnupur village in Bankura district.